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人教新课标英语教材梳理与专项讲练1  

2011-11-01 08:35:36|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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人教新课标英语教材梳理与专项讲练1

 

Unit 1  Friendship

单元要点预览(旨在让同学整体了解本单元要点)

词汇

部分

词语

辨析

1. ignore / neglect / overlook

2. cheat / fool

3. calm / quiet / silent / still

4. join / join in / take part in / attend

词形

变化

1. ignore vt. 忽视

ignorance n. 无知

ignorant adj.无知的

2. dusk n. 黄昏; 傍晚

dusky adj.昏暗的; 黑暗的

 

3. add v.  添加; 增加

addition  n.  加, 附加

additional adj.  添加的;附加的

重点

单词

1. upset adj. 心烦意乱的,不安的;不适的 vt. (upset, upset)    

2. concern v. 担忧; 涉及; 关系到  n. 担心,关注;(利害)关系

3. settle vt. 安家; 定居;停留vt. 使定居,安家;解决

4. suffer vt.& vi.遭受;忍受;经历

5. disagree vt. 不同意

重点

词组

1.       add up合计

2.       go through 经历;经受

3.       on purpose 故意

4.       get along with 与某人相处;(工作的) 进展

5.       in order to 为了……

重点句子

1. Mother asked her if / whether she was very hot with so many clothes on.

2. I don’t set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do …

3. … it was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face.

重点语法

直接引语和间接引语 (见语法部分)

语言要点(模块)

Ⅰ.词语辨析  (旨在提供完形填空所需材料)

1. ignore / neglect / overlook

【解释】

ignore    通常指有意不顾,或不理会显而易见的事物。

neglect   侧重指有意的忽略或忽视,也可指粗心与疏忽。

overlook  指因匆忙而疏忽或视而不见。

 【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

1We could not afford to _________ such a serious offence.

2). He utterly ________ my warnings and met with an accident.

3). Don’t ________ paying him a visit now and then.

答案:  1). overlooked        2). ignored           3). neglect

2. cheat / fool

【解释】

cheat  主要指盈利的买卖中或游戏竞赛中欺骗人,骗取人的钱等。

fool  “愚弄”,指利用人缺乏常识,心理脆弱来欺骗人。

【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

1). You may get _________ in that shop.

2). He can’t __________ her. She sees through him every time.

答案:     1). cheated     2). fool

3. calm / quiet / silent / still

【解释】

calm    天气、水、水面(表风平浪静);(指人时)表示镇定自如。

quiet    表“宁静”、“安静”、“寂静”,侧重没有响声,没有噪音和没有动静。指人时侧重性格温和,文静。

silent   表“沉默”、“不发言”、“不说话”,常常表示人不爱说话,沉默无语。

still   “不动的”,指人时侧重一动不动,;指物时指完全没有声音,突出静止不动。

【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

1). Please stand __________ while I take your photo.

2). Why do you keep __________?

3). Everything was ___________.

4). He remained ___________ in the face of the enemy.

答案: 1). still        2). silent         3). quiet         4). calm

4. join / join in / take part in / attend

【解释】

join          表示参加组织、党派、团体、军队、俱乐部等

join in       表示参加游戏、活动等;join sb. (in sth.) 表(和某人一起)做某事

take part in表示参与、参加讨论、游行、比赛、战斗、斗争、运动、庆祝等

attend      主要指出席、参加会议、婚礼;听讲座、课、报告、音乐会等;上学、教堂

【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

1). Can I ___________ the game?

2). Did you ____________ the fighting?

3). He __________ the army last year.

4). A lot of people __________ her wedding.

答案: 1). join in    2). take part in              3). joined    4)attended

Ⅱ.词性变化 (旨在提供语法填空所需材料)

1. ignore vt. 忽视

ignorance n. 无知

ignorant adj.无知的

2. dusk n. 黄昏; 傍晚

dusky. adj.昏暗的; 黑暗的

 

3. add v.  添加; 加

addition  n.  加, 附加

additional adj.  添加的;附加的

【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空

1)     I can't __________ his rudeness any longer. (ignore)

2)   To say you were ________ of the rules is no excuse. ( ignore)

3)    We are in complete ___________ of your plans. (ignore)

4)    There is ____________ light inside the cave. (dusk)   

5)    The street lights come on at ____________ and go off at dawn. (dusk      )

6)    Many words have been ____________ to this edition of the dictionary. (add)

7)     They've just had an ____________ to the family. (add)

8)    There are _____________ charges. (add)

答案:  1) ignore      2)ignorant              3) ignorance                 4) dusky

    5) dusk              6) added                7) addition                    8) additional

Ⅲ.重点词汇 (旨在提供综合运用所需材料)

1. upset adj. 心烦意乱的,不安的;不适的 vt. (upset, upset)

[典例]

1). Our arrangements for the weekend were upset by her visit. 她一来把我们周末的安排给打乱了。

2). Don't upset yourself -- no harm has been done. 不要难过--并没有造成伤害。

3). He was horribly upset over her illness. 他为她的病而忧心忡忡。

4). The students really upset her. 学生们着实让她烦恼。

[重点用法]

be upset by… 被…… 打乱    upset oneself about sth 为某事烦恼

[练习] 用upset的适当形式填空

1). Is it ______ you, dear?

2). She felt rather ______ on hearing the news.

3). Is it an ______ message?

4). Don’t be ______. It will be OK.

答案: 1). upsetting         2). upset         3). upsetting          4).upset

2. concern v. 担忧; 涉及; 关系到  n. 担心,关注;(利害)关系

[典例]

1). The news concerns your brother. 这消息与你兄弟有关。

2). The boy's poor health concerned his parents. 那男孩健康状况不佳,使他的父母亲忧虑。

3). That's no concern of mine. 那不关我的事。

[重点用法]

as / so far as … be concerned  关于;至于;就……而言

be concerned about  关心

be concerned at / over sth. 为某事忧虑

be concerned in sth.  牵涉到,与……有关,参与

[练习] 用concern的适当形式填空

1). There is an article that _______ the rise of the prices.

2). The children are rather _____ about their mother’s health.

3). Officials should ______ themselves _______ public affairs.

答案: 1). concerns   2). concerned   3). concern … with

3. settle vt. 安家;定居;停留       vt. 使定居,安家;解决

[典例]

1). He settled his child in a corner of the compartment. 他把孩子安顿在车厢的一个角落里。

2). The family has settled in Canada. 这家人已定居加拿大。

3). Both wanted to settle their scores. 双方都愿意捐弃前嫌。

[重点用法]

settle down 镇定下来  settle in 在…定居

[练习] 中译英

1). 都十一点了,她安不下心来工作。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2). 题目这么难,谁能解决?

__________________________________________________________________________________________

答案: 1). It’s eleven o’clock now, but she cannot settle to work.

        2). Since it is so difficult, who can settle this problem?

4. suffer vt.& vi.遭受;忍受;经历

[典例]

1). Do you suffer from headaches? 你常头痛吗?

2). She's suffering from loss of memory. 她患有遗忘症。

[重点用法]

suffer from/with/for sth 感到疼痛﹑ 不适﹑ 悲伤等; 受苦; 吃苦头:

[练习] 中译英

1).我们在金融危机中损失惨重。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2).他的脚痛得不得了。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:  1). We suffered huge losses in the financial crisis.

          2). He suffers terribly with his feet.

 5. disagree vt. 不同意

[典例]

1). Even friends sometimes disagree with each other. 即便是朋友也有时意见不一。

2). We disagreed on future plans. 我们对未来的计划产生了分歧。

[重点用法]

disagree with sb/what sb says/sb's decision 不同意某人的观点[某人的话/某人的决定]

[练习] 中译英

1). 罗马的报道与米兰的不符。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2). 他不同意让我早些回家。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Key: 1). The reports from Rome disagree with those from Milan.

2). He disagreed to let me go home early.

Ⅳ.重点词组  (旨在提供综合运用所需材料)

1. add up 加起来

[典例]

1). Add up your scores and see how many points you can get.

把你的得分加起来,看看你能得几分。

2). Tom, what do ten, twenty and five add up to?

汤姆,10,20和5加起来是多少?

[短语归纳]

add (…) to …. (把什么)加入…中

add up to … 加起来是

[练习] 用add的适当形式或构成的词组填空

1). Will you _____ some more students to this project?

2). Small numbers _____ a large one.

3). 50 _______ 50 equals 100.

答案: 1). add   2). add up to   3). added

2. go through 经历;经受                                 

[典例]

1). The country has gone through too many wars. 这个国家经历了太多的战争。

2). She's been through a bad patch recently. 她最近经历了一段困难时期。

[短语归纳]

go after追求,追赶             go ahead前进;请说(做)吧

go by走过,(时间)过去    go along with向前,(与……)一起去

go in for爱好,从事           go out外出;(灯,火)熄灭

go over越过;复习            go up爬上,(价格等)上升

[练习] 用go 构成的词组填空

1). It is wise not to ____ with this plan.

2). Prices ______ a little now. People are happy.

3). Anyway, don’t always_______ at night by yourself.

4). I am tired. I want to _____ now.

答案: 1). go on with  2). go up   3). go home  4). go to bed   3.on purpose 故意,有目的地

[典例]

The boy broke Jack’s window on purpose. He wanted to frighten Jack.

那男孩是故意打破杰克的窗玻璃的,他想吓一下杰克。

[短语归纳]

do sth. on purpose: 故意做某事   on purpose 表示故意地、有企图、有目的地

[练习]用 purpose的相关词汇填空

1). He didn’t do it ______.    2). What was your ____ ?

答案: 1). on purpose      2). purpose

 4. get along with 与某人相处;(工作的) 进展

[典例]

1). He is not easy-going. It’s very hard to get along with him 他不是个随和的人,很难相处。

2). How are you getting along with your work? 工作进展如何?

[短语归纳]

get along/on well/ nicely/ badly with 与……相处得好/不好,……进展顺利/不顺利

get away离开,逃离                                get down下来;写下,取下

get down to (doing)开始认真干……          get over克服,摆脱                                

get through通过,做完                           get together聚集

[练习] 中译英

1). 你现在和同事相处得好不好?

 __________________________________________________________________________________________

2). 她已重新获得从前那份工作。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

答案: 1). Are you getting along well with your colleagues?

2). She's got her old job back.

6.       in order to… 为了……(可置于句首或句中)

[典例]

1). She arrived early in order to get a good seat. 她到得很早, 图的是得个好座位。

2). I agreed to her suggestion in order not to upset her. 我同意她的建议是为了不让她伤心。

[短语归纳]

in order that…       以便……(后跟句子)       so that…以便……(后跟句子)

so as to为了……(只能置于句中,不能置于句首)

[练习] 中译英

1.  他早早动身好按时到达。

2.  她拼命干以便能到6点时把一切都准备好。

答案: 1.He left early in order to/so as to/in order that/so that he should/would/might arrive on time.

       2. In order to get everything ready by 6 o'clock, she worked hard.

Ⅴ.重点句子 (旨在提供句子结构等所需材料)

1. Mom asked her if (whether) she was very hot with so many clothes on.

妈妈问她穿那么多衣服是不是很热。

[解释] with复合结构:

with + 宾语+ v. –ing / v. –ed / to do / adj. / adv. / prep. phrases

由“介词with+宾语+宾语补足语” 构成的复合结构在句中通常作为状语,表示背景情况,为方式,原因或条件等,另外,该结构也可以作为定语使用。下面简述几种情况:

1) 如果在该结构中的分词表示的动作是由前面的名词或代词发出的,构成主谓关系,该分词用现在分词形式。

2) 如果分词表示的动作与前面的名词或代词构成动宾关系,该分词用过去分词形式。

3) 宾语补足语也可以使用介词短语,形容词或副词来充当。

[典例]

1.with + 宾语 + 副词,如:

The square looks more beautiful with all the lights on (= while all the lights are on).

With his parents away (= As his parents are away), Tom becomes more naughty.

2.with + 宾语 + 介词短语,如:

The teacher came in with a book in his hand (= while a book was in his hand).

The girl looked up with tears in her eyes (= while tears were in her eyes).

3.with + 宾语 + 现在分词,如:

With summer corning (= As summer is corning), the weather is becoming hotter and hotter.

With the teacher standing beside (= As the teacher was standing beside),she felt a bit uneasy.

4.with + 宾语 + 过去分词,如:

With the work done (= As the work had been done), she felt greatly relieved.

With his hair cut (= As his hair has been cut), he looks much younger.

5.with + 宾语 + 不定式,如:

With her to go with us (= As she will go with us), we're sure to have a pleasant journey.

With Mr Smith to teach them English next term(= As Mr Smith will teach them English) , they will be greatly improved in spoken English.

[练习] 中译英:

1. 那房子昨晚发生火灾,结果里面的东西都烧光了。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2. 下学期史密斯先生教他们英语,他们的口语会大有提高。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

3. 随着冬天的到来,天气越来越冷。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:1. The house caught a big fire last night , with nothing left in it.

           2. With Mr Smith to teach them English next term , they will be greatly improved in spoken English.

           3. With winter corning, the weather is becoming colder and colder.  

2. I don’t set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do … 我不愿意像大多数人那样在日记中记流水帐……

[解释] as引导的从句为比较状语从句,意为“像大多数人那么做”。

as 用作连词,可引导下列状语从句:

1). 引导状语从句,强调主句谓语动词与从句谓语的同时性

As he grew older he lost interest in everything except gardening.

随着他年纪越来越大,他失去了对所有事物的兴趣,除了园艺。

2). 引导让步状语从句,表示“尽管,虽然,即使”(从句需倒装)

Cold as it is, my brother wears only a shirt. 尽管天气冷,我哥只穿了一件衬衫。

3). 引导方式状语从句,表示“以……方式”。

Why didn’t you take the medicine as I told you to? 为什么你没有按我说的服这药?

4). 引导原因状语从句 (=since; because),“由于,因为”。

As you were not there, I left a message. 因为当时你不在那,所以我给你留了便条。

5) 引导比较状语从句。

She is as tall as you. 她和你一样高。

[练习] 中译英

1. 随着年龄的增长我越来越对科学感兴趣。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2. 由于雨下得很大,你最好穿上雨衣。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

3. 他学习很努力,但考试还是没及格。  

__________________________________________________________________________________________

答案: 1. As l get older l get more interested in science.

       2. As it is raining hard,you'd better put on your raincoat.

       3. Hard as he worked,he failed in the exam.

3. It is/was the…time that…   ……第几次……

[解释] that从句中的谓语动词一般用完成时态。

1). It is the first time that he has heard this song.

[练习] 中译英
       1.  这是他第二次来中国。

2.这是我第一次举办画展。 

——————————————————————————————————————————————

答案: 1. It is the second time that he has come to China.

       2. It was the first time that I had held an art exhibition.

课文要点(模块)

Ⅰ.课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)

根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法:

    Anne Frank is a   1   (犹太的)girl who lived in Netherlands during the World War II. Her family had to   2    or they would be caught by the   3   (德国的)Nazis. During the time in the   4   (隐匿的)place, Anne set down a   5  (系列)of facts in a diary . Anne made her diary her best friend   6   she could tell everything to and in the diary she showed us   7   she     8      (经历)during the war.

答案:1. Jewish           2. hide     3. German      4. hiding         5. series         6. whom        7. what      8. went through/ experienced

Ⅱ.课文大意概括 (旨在训练用30个单词概括大意的能力)

阅读课文,试着用30来个单词概括课文大意或翻译下面短文。

   安妮,一个整日躲在家中的犹太女孩,在二战期间坚持写日记。她把日记作为最好的朋友;在日记中她实现了过上正常的生活的渴望。              

   The story is about Anne_______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________

答案: Anne , a Jewish girl hiding at home all day round, kept a diary during the World War II . She regarded the diary as her best friend, and in it she revealed her desire for a normal life.

Ⅲ.课文佳句背诵与仿写 (旨在培养对难句的理解和写作能力)

1.【原句】I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事情都无比狂热。

[模仿要点] 句子结构: wonder +if 表语从句 + so …that从句

【模仿1】我不知道是否因为我的卤莽使得史密夫先生对我这么生气。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:I wondered if it was because I was so rude that Mr Smith was so angry with me.

【模仿2】他在想是否因为她的朋友对她很关心所以她的心情才平复下来。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:He wonders whether it is because her friends are so concerned about her that she has calmed herself down.

 

2.【原句】I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. (定语从句) 我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空,鸟儿的歌唱,月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自从我来到这里,这一切都变了。

[模仿要点] 句子结构: It is/was a time when …There is /was a time when…This/That is/was a    time when…

【模仿1】我还记得这对他来说是一个艰难的时期,他遭受到了身心的打击。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:I can well remember it was a hard time when he suffered a lot physically and mentally.

【模仿2】在中国历史上,曾经有过一段时期中国鼓励与世界其他国家进行贸易。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:In Chinese history, there was a time when China encouraged trade with the rest of the world.

 

3. 【原句】It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。

[模仿要点] 句子结构: It is/was the first (second…) time that sb + 现在完成时/过去完成时:这是某人第几次做某事

【模仿1】这是我们第一次面对面地谈论到这件事情。

_______________________________________________________________________________

答案:It is the first time that we have talked about this issue face to face.

【模仿2】这是他第二次参与怎样解决这个问题的讨论。

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答案:It was the second time that he had joined in the discussion about how to do with the problem.

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