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Revision for Unit 1,Module 1(人教版新课标)  

2012-01-10 10:19:03|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 1  Friendship

Ⅰ.词语辨析

1. cheat / fool

cheat  主要指盈利的买卖中或游戏竞赛中欺骗人,骗取人的钱等。

fool  “愚弄”,指利用人缺乏常识,心理脆弱来欺骗人。

【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

1). You may get _________ in that shop.

2). He can’t __________ her. She sees through him every time.

2. calm / quiet / silent / still

calm 天气、水、水面(表风平浪静);(指人时)表示镇定自如。

quiet 表“宁静”、“安静”、“寂静”,侧重没有响声,没有噪音和没有动静。指人时侧重性格温和,文静。

silent 表“沉默”、“不发言”、“不说话”,常常表示人不爱说话,沉默无语。

still  “不动的”,指人时侧重一动不动,;指物时指完全没有声音,突出静止不动。

【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

1). Please stand __________ while I take your photo.   2). Why do you keep __________?

3). Everything was ___________.   4). He remained ___________ in the face of the enemy.

3. join / join in / take part in / attend

join 表示参加组织、党派、团体、军队、俱乐部等

join in    表示参加游戏、活动等;join sb. (in sth.) 表(和某人一起)做某事

take part in表示参与、参加讨论、游行、比赛、战斗、斗争、运动、庆祝等

attend    主要指出席、参加会议、婚礼;听讲座、课、报告、音乐会等;上学、教堂

【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式填空

1). Can I ___________ the game?       2). Did you ____________ the fighting?

3). He __________ the army last year.    4). A lot of people __________ her wedding.

Ⅱ.重点词汇

1. upset adj. 心烦意乱的,不安的;不适的 vt. (upset, upset)

[典例]  1). The students really upset her. 学生们着实让她烦恼。

2). Don't upset yourself -- no harm has been done. 不要难过--并没有造成伤害。

3). He was horribly upset over her illness. 他为她的病而忧心忡忡。

4). Our arrangements for the weekend were upset by her visit. 她一来把我们周末的安排给打乱了。

[重点用法]   be upset by… 被…… 打乱    upset oneself about sth 为某事烦恼

[练习] 用upset的适当形式填空

1). Is it ______ you, dear?      2). She felt rather ______ on hearing the news.

3). Is it an ______ message?    4). Don’t be ______. It will be OK.

2. concern v. 担忧; 涉及; 关系到  n. 担心,关注;(利害)关系

[典例] 1). The news concerns your brother. 这消息与你兄弟有关。

2). The boy's poor health concerned his parents. 那男孩健康状况不佳,使他的父母亲忧虑。

3). That's no concern of mine. 那不关我的事。

[重点用法] as / so far as … be concerned  关于;至于;就……而言

be concerned about  关心     be concerned at / over sth. 为某事忧虑

be concerned in sth.  牵涉到,与……有关,参与

[练习] 用concern的适当形式填空

1). There is an article that _______ the rise of the prices.

2). The children are rather _____ about their mother’s health.

3). Officials should ______ themselves _______ public affairs.

3. settle vt. 安家;定居;停留  vt. 使定居,安家;解决

[典例] 1). He settled his child in a corner of the compartment. 他把孩子安顿在车厢的一个角落里。

2). The family has settled in Canada. 这家人已定居加拿大。

3). Both wanted to settle their scores. 双方都愿意捐弃前嫌。

[重点用法]  settle down 镇定下来    settle in 在…定居

[练习] 中译英

1). 都十一点了,她安不下心来工作。

2). 题目这么难,谁能解决?

4. suffer vt.& vi.遭受;忍受;经历

[典例] 1). Do you suffer from headaches? 你常头痛吗?

2). She's suffering from loss of memory. 她患有遗忘症。

[重点用法]  suffer from/with/for sth 感到疼痛﹑ 不适﹑ 悲伤等; 受苦; 吃苦头:

[练习] 中译英

1).我们在金融危机中损失惨重。

2).他的脚痛得不得了。

5. disagree vt. 不同意

[典例] 1). Even friends sometimes disagree with each other. 即便是朋友也有时意见不一。

2). We disagreed on future plans. 我们对未来的计划产生了分歧。

[重点用法]  disagree with sb/what sb says/sb's decision 不同意某人的观点[某人的话/某人的决定]

[练习] 中译英

1). 罗马的报道与米兰的不符。

2). 他不同意让我早些回家。

Ⅲ..重点词组

1. add up 加起来

[典例] 1). Add up your scores and see how many points you can get.

把你的得分加起来,看看你能得几分。

2). Tom, what do ten, twenty and five add up to?  汤姆,10,20和5加起来是多少?

[短语归纳]  add (…) to …. (把什么)加入…中   add up to … 加起来是

[练习] 用add的适当形式或构成的词组填空

1). Will you _____ some more students to this project?

2). Small numbers _____ a large one.       3). 50 _______ 50 equals 100.

2. go through 经历;经受

[典例]  1). The country has gone through too many wars. 这个国家经历了太多的战争。

2). She's been through a bad patch recently. 她最近经历了一段困难时期。

[短语归纳]  go after追求,追赶              go ahead前进;请说(做)吧

go by走过,(时间)过去       go along with向前,(与……)一起去

go in for爱好,从事              go out外出;(灯,火)熄灭

go over越过;复习               go up爬上,(价格等)上升

[练习] 用go 构成的词组填空

1). It is wise not to ____ with this plan.    2). Prices ______ a little now. People are happy.

3). Anyway, don’t always_______ at night by yourself.  4). I am tired. I want to _____ now.

3.on purpose 故意,有目的地

[典例]  The boy broke Jack’s window on purpose. He wanted to frighten Jack.

那男孩是故意打破杰克的窗玻璃的,他想吓一下杰克。

[短语归纳]  do sth. on purpose: 故意做某事    on purpose 表示故意地、有企图、有目的地

[练习]用 purpose的相关词汇填空

1). He didn’t do it ______.         2). What was your ____ ?

4. get along with 与某人相处;(工作的) 进展

[典例]  1). He is not easy-going. It’s very hard to get along with him 他不是个随和的人,很难相处。

2). How are you getting along with your work? 工作进展如何?

[短语归纳]

get along/on well/ nicely/ badly with 与……相处得好/不好,……进展顺利/不顺利

get away离开,逃离                                get down下来;写下,取下

get down to (doing)开始认真干……          get over克服,摆脱                                

get through通过,做完                           get together聚集

[练习] 中译英

1). 你现在和同事相处得好不好?

2). 她已重新获得从前那份工作。

1.       in order to… 为了……(可置于句首或句中)

[典例]  1). She arrived early in order to get a good seat. 她到得很早, 图的是得个好座位。

2). I agreed to her suggestion in order not to upset her. 我同意她的建议是为了不让她伤心。

[短语归纳]  in order that… 以便……(后跟句子)       so that…以便……(后跟句子)

so as to为了……(只能置于句中,不能置于句首)

[练习] 中译英

1.  他早早动身好按时到达。

2.  她拼命干以便能到6点时把一切都准备好。

Ⅳ.重点句子

1. Mom asked her if (whether) she was very hot with so many clothes on.

妈妈问她穿那么多衣服是不是很热。

[解释] with复合结构:

with + 宾语+ v. –ing / v. –ed / to do / adj. / adv. / prep. phrases

由“介词with+宾语+宾语补足语” 构成的复合结构在句中通常作为状语,表示背景情况,为方式,原因或条件等,另外,该结构也可以作为定语使用。下面简述几种情况:

1) 如果在该结构中的分词表示的动作是由前面的名词或代词发出的,构成主谓关系,该分词用现在分词形式。

2) 如果分词表示的动作与前面的名词或代词构成动宾关系,该分词用过去分词形式。

3) 宾语补足语也可以使用介词短语,形容词或副词来充当。

[典例]  1.with + 宾语 + 副词,如:

The square looks more beautiful with all the lights on (= while all the lights are on).

With his parents away (= As his parents are away), Tom becomes more naughty.

2.with + 宾语 + 介词短语,如:

The teacher came in with a book in his hand (= while a book was in his hand).

The girl looked up with tears in her eyes (= while tears were in her eyes).

3.with + 宾语 + 现在分词,如:

With summer corning (= As summer is corning), the weather is becoming hotter and hotter.

With the teacher standing beside (= As the teacher was standing beside),she felt a bit uneasy.

4.with + 宾语 + 过去分词,如:

With the work done (= As the work had been done), she felt greatly relieved.

With his hair cut (= As his hair has been cut), he looks much younger.

5.with + 宾语 + 不定式,如:

With her to go with us (= As she will go with us), we're sure to have a pleasant journey.

With Mr Smith to teach them English next term(= As Mr Smith will teach them English) , they will be greatly improved in spoken English.

[练习] 中译英:

1). 那房子昨晚发生火灾,结果里面的东西都烧光了。

2). 下学期史密斯先生教他们英语,他们的口语会大有提高。

3). 随着冬天的到来,天气越来越冷。

2. I don’t set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do … 我不愿意像大多数人那样在日记中记流水帐……

[解释] as引导的从句为比较状语从句,意为“像大多数人那么做”。

as 用作连词,可引导下列状语从句:

1). 引导状语从句,强调主句谓语动词与从句谓语的同时性

As he grew older he lost interest in everything except gardening.

随着他年纪越来越大,他失去了对所有事物的兴趣,除了园艺。

2). 引导让步状语从句,表示“尽管,虽然,即使”(从句需倒装)

Cold as it is, my brother wears only a shirt. 尽管天气冷,我哥只穿了一件衬衫。

3). 引导方式状语从句,表示“以……方式”。

Why didn’t you take the medicine as I told you to? 为什么你没有按我说的服这药?

4). 引导原因状语从句 (=since; because),“由于,因为”。

As you were not there, I left a message. 因为当时你不在那,所以我给你留了便条。

5) 引导比较状语从句。

She is as tall as you. 她和你一样高。

[练习] 中译英

1). 随着年龄的增长我越来越对科学感兴趣。

2). 由于雨下得很大,你最好穿上雨衣。

3). 他学习很努力,但考试还是没及格。  

3. It is/was the…time that…   ……第几次……

[解释] that从句中的谓语动词一般用完成时态。

1). It is the first time that he has heard this song.

[练习] 中译英


1.       这是他第二次来中国。


2.这是我第一次举办画展。

3. 阅读理解 

 Americans are pound of their variety- and individuality, yet they love and respect few things more than a uniform. whether it is the uniform of an elevator operator or the uniform of a five-star general. Why are uniforms so popular in the United States?

 Among the arguments for uniforms, one of the first is that in the eyes of most people they look more professional than civilian (百姓的) clothes. People have become conditioned to expect superior quality from a man who wears a uniform. The television repairman who wears uniform tends to inspire more trust than one who appears in civilian clothes. Faith in the skill of a garage mechanic is increased by a uniform. What easier way is there for a nurse, a policeman, a barber, or a waiter to lose professional identity (身份) than to step out of uniform ?

  Uniforms also have many practical benefits. They save on other clothes.  They save on laundry bills.  They are tax- deductible ( 可减税的). They are often more comfortable and more durable than civilian clothes.

  Primary among the arguments against uniforms is their lack of variety and the consequent loss of individuality experienced by people who must wear them. Though there are many types of uniforms, the wearer of any particular type is generally stuck with it, without change, until retirement. When people look alike, they tend to think, speak, and act similarly, on the job at least.

  Uniforms also give rise to some practical problems. Though they are long-lasting, often their initial expense is greater than the cost of civilian clothes. Some uniforms are also expensive to maintain, requiring professional dry cleaning rather than the home laundering possible with many types of civilian clothes.

1. It is surprising that Americans who worship variety and individuality ___________.

    A. still judge a man by his clothes

    B. hold the uniform in such high regard

    C. enjoy having a professional identity

    D. will respect an elevator operator as much as a general in uniform

2. People are accustomed to thinking that a man in uniform ____________.

    A. suggests quality work

    B. discards his social identity

    C. appears to be more practical

    D. looks superior to a person in civilian clothes

3. The chief function of a uniform is to ___________.

    A. provide practical benefits to the wearer

    B. make the wearer catch the public eye

    C. inspire the wearer's confidence in himself

    D. provide the wearer with a professional identity

4. According to the passage, people wearing uniforms _____________.

    A. are usually helpful

    B. have little or no individual freedom

    C. tend to lose their individuality

    D. enjoy greater popularity

5. The best title for this passage would be ____________.

  A. Uniforms and Society                   

  B. The Importance of Wearing a Uniform

  C. Practical Benefits of Wearing a Uniform    

  D. Advantages and Disadvantages of Uniforms

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