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高中英语语法填空专练  

2015-11-03 14:09:16|  分类: 英语学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高中英语语法填空专练

阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡上标号的相应位置。

                                       1

        In the United States, there were 222 people 1.__________reportto be billionaires(亿万富翁)in 2003. The 2.__________of these is Bill Gates, worth at least $ 41 billion, who made his money 3.__________starting the company Microsoft. Mr. Gates was only 21 years old 4.__________he first helped to set up the company in 1976. He was a billionaire 5. __________the time he was 30. 6.__________, there are still some other people who have made lots of money at even 7.__________youngages. Other young people who have struck it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. 8.__________of these child actors made over a million dollars 9.__________actin movies before they were 14. But 10. __________ youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurnund Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inherited (继承)a billion dollars when he turned 18!

                                        2

    Finishing their shopping at the mall, a couple discovered that their new car 1.__________steal. They filed a report 2.__________the police station and a detective drove them 3.__________to the parking lot to look for evidence. To their 4.__________amaze, the car had been returned 5.__________there was a note in it that said: “I apologize for taking your car. My wife was having a baby and I had to rush her to the 6.__________. Please forget the inconvenience. There are two tickets 7.__________tonight's Mania Twain concert.”

  Their faith in humanity restored. The couple attended 8.__________concert. But when they returned home, they immediately found. 9.__________their house had been ransacked(洗劫). On the bathroom mirror was 10.__________note: I have to put my kid through college somehow, don't I?”

                                         3

    People 1.__________livein different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred 2.__________in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, for example, contains four 3.__________ five hundred thousand words. But we do not need 4.__________these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. 5.__________you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary 6.__________big. Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books 7.__________writein easy English. You will enjoy them. When you meet 8.__________new word, look it 9.__________in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your 10.__________muchuseful book.

                                         4

       When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets 1.__________the traffic drives on the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first 2.__________then the left. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from 3.__________, the streets are very busy. Traffic is most 4.__________dangerthen.

  When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, 5.__________. Always remember the traffic moves on the left. So you must be careful. 6.__________havea look first, or you will go 7.__________wrong way. In many English cities, there are big buses 8.__________two floors. You can sit on the 9.__________twofloor. From 10.__________you can see the city very well. It’s very interesting.

                                         5

    1.__________artist had a small daughter. Sometimes he painted women 2.__________any clothes on, and he and his 3.__________always tried to keep the small girl out 4.__________he was doing this, She is 5.__________young to understand,” they said.

  But one day, when the artist 6.__________painta woman with no clothes on, he forgot to lock the door, and the girl suddenly ran into the room. He mother ran up the stairs 7.__________her, but when she got to the room, the little girl was already in the room and looking at the woman 8.__________her parents waited for her to speak.

  For a few seconds the little girl said 9.__________, but then she ran to her mother and said 10.__________angry, “Why do you let her go about without shoes and socks on when you don’t let me?”

                                         6

      Most Americans don’t like to get advice1.__________ members of their family. They get advice from “2.__________ strange)”. When they need advice, they don’t usually go to people they know.3.__________many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines 4.__________ give advice on many different subjects 5.__________ includefamily problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, 6.__________ even on how to buy a house or a car.

  Most newspapers 7.__________regularprint letters from readers with problems. Along with the letters there are 8.__________written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors, 9.__________are lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special 10.__________trainfor this kind of work.

                                         7

    Without proper planning, tourism can cause 1.__________. For example, too many tourists can crowd public places 2.__________are also enjoyed by the inhabitants(居民)of a country. If tourism create too much traffic, the inhabitants will become 3.__________annoyand unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists 4.__________to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help the country’s economy 5.__________is important to think about the people of a destination country and 6.__________tourism affects them. Tourism should help  7.__________country keep the customs and beauty that attracts tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and 8.__________happyof local inhabitants.

  Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism 9.__________growtoo quickly, people must leave other jobs to work 10.__________the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the country’s economy can suffer.

                                          8

    London was awarded 1.__________2012 Olympic Games on Wednesday, 2.__________defeatEuropean rival Paris in the final round of voting to take the games back to British capital 3.__________the first time since 1948. 4.__________Moscow, New York and Madrid were eliminated (淘汰)in the first three rounds London beat Paris 5450 on the fourth ballot(投票表决)of the IOC.

  In London crowds cheered and waved flags as 5.__________watched the announcement from Singapore 6.__________a giant screen in Trafalgar Square and in the east London area 7.__________the main Olympic complex (建筑群)will be based.

  Blair spent two days in lobbying(游说)in Singapore 8.__________leaving to host the G8 summit 8国峰会)in Scotland. “My promise to you is we will be your very 9.__________ goodpartners,” Blair said.

  It’s the fourth bid (申办)from Britain after 10.__________failattempts by Birmingham for the 1992 Olympics and Manchester for the 1996 and 2000.

                                          9

      Why is setting goals so 1.__________? Because goals can help you do, be, and experience everything 2.__________you want in life. Instead 3.__________just letting life happen to you, goals allow 4.__________to  make your life happen. 5.__________successand happy people have sets lots of goals to help them reach their aims. By setting goals you are taking control of your life. It’s 6.__________having a map to show you 7.__________you want to go. Winners in life set goals and follow through with them.

Winners decide what they want in life and then get there by making plans and 8.__________setgoals. Unsuccessful people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren’t difficult to set, and 9.__________aren’t difficult to reach. It is up to you to find out what your goals really are. You are 10.__________one who must decide what to do and in what direction to aim your life.

                                         10

    We often think of future. We often wonder 1.__________the world will be like a hundred years’ time. Think of 2.__________space. Perhaps a permanent station on the moon 3.__________set up. Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon as 4.__________. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, 5. __________permitlong journeys through the solar system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space and visiting 6.__________planets. Great progress will have been made 7.__________ medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred years’ time.

8.__________the world will have been developedeven Antarctica. We will have used up most of the earth’s land to build our cities,9.__________floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already plans of this kind. And there will be cities 10.__________the sea.

                                         11 

  Once upon a time there was a rich merchant 1.__________ had 4 wives. He loved the 4th wife the most. He took great care of her and gave her nothing 2.__________ the best. He also loved the 3rd wife very much. He was very 3 .__________ prideof her and always wanted to show off her to his friends. He also loved his 2nd wife. She is 4 .__________very considerate person, always patient and in fact is the merchant’s close friend. 5.__________ the merchant faced some problems, he always turned to his 2nd wife and 6.__________ would always help him out and tide(帮助渡过)him 7.__________ difficult times. Now, the merchant’s 1st wife is a very loyal partner and has made great 8.__________ contributein maintaining his wealth and business as well as 9.__________ takecare of the household. 10.__________, the merchant did not love the first wife and although she loved him deeply, he hardly took notice of her.   

                                         12 

   There once were a goat and a donkey 1.__________ lived on a farm. The donkey worked the hardest so the farmer fed it the most 2.__________. Sometimes the donkey was given more food 3.__________ it could eat. This made the goat so jealous 4.__________ it began plotting against(谋划对付)the donkey. "Hey, donkey," the goat said one day. "I think you do too much work on this farm. You carry such heavy things from morning to night. Why don't you pretend 5.__________getsick so you can take a day 6.__________?'' The donkey thought the goat had a great idea. So the next morning, the donkey lay in the stable(畜栏)on its side with its eyes 7.__________ close. Right away, the farmer called the doctor. 8.__________ looking at the donkey, the doctor said it needed a special medicine made 9.__________ the heart of a goat. So the farmer killed 10.__________goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart.

                                          13

   Dawn graduated several years ago.  She 1.__________bea successful model, and finding a job had not been a 2.__________until recently . 

When Dawn did start trying to find another type of  3.__________, she found in interview after interview that computer literacy(能力)was a must to 4.__________employ

Since Dawn had always been afraid 5.__________ learning computer while in collegeour school didn't require to learn computer at that timeshe managed to get a degree 6.__________ ever confronting(面对) a computer. 

Finally, after months of searching for a job, Dawn failed. She had to admit that sidestepping (回避)computer literacy(读写能力)hadn't been a good idea. 7.__________, She enrolled in a computer course at 8.__________adult vocational school.

9.__________surprise, although she had been afraid of learning computer, she took to computers 10.__________much that after about a year she opened her own computer-based business. 

                                         14 

   Some day,1.__________you are lucky, you may see a bongo(大羚羊).

But the only way most people will see it is in a 2.__________. They are found in Africa, 3.__________ they live deep in forests. Even in Africa, very few people ever get to see a bongo. The bongo does not come out of the forest very often. It is an animal that keeps to 4.__________. The bongo has beautiful coloring. Its hair is bright brown 5.__________ mixwith orange and red. Down its back and across its sides the bongo has yellow-white strips(条纹).

Animals that look 6.__________ food at night usually have big eyes. This helps them see 7. __________ goodat night. The forests in which bongos live are very dark.

The eyes of bongos are very big. So, they have no trouble 8.__________ livein the darkness.

                                         15 

   Gandhi, an Indian national hero, was honored 1.__________ the father of the Indian nation. He has been respected and beloved by the Indians. 

He was born in India in 1869. Following the local custom, he got 2.__________marryat the age of 13.

In 1888 he sailed to England, 3.__________ he studied law for three years and became a lawyer. On his return to India, he was sent to South Africa to work on a law case. 

In South Africa he 4.__________surpriseto find that the problem of racial discrimination (种族歧视)was serious. There he formed an organization and started a magazine to fight 5.__________ equal rights. 

Gandhi returned to India in 1915, 6.__________ India was controlled by the British. He led the Indians to fight for an end to the British rule and 7.__________ dependfor his country. In the political movement many Indians including Gandhi were put in prison. 8.__________, the struggles never stopped. The British government had to give 9.__________and India won its independence in 1947. 10.__________fortunateGandhi was shot by an Indian who opposed his views and died on January 30th, 1948.

                                          16

 Mrs. Wilson, the wife of a rich man, 1.__________some of her friends to lunch. She was trying a new way to cook fish and she was very pleased with 2.__________when the fish was ready. As the fish was very hot, she put it near the open window to 3.__________ for a few minutes. Five minutes later, when she came back for it, she was 4.__________to find the neighbor’s cat at the fish. She was in time to stop the cat 5.__________ it was too late. That afternoon every one enjoyed the fish. They talked and laughed 6.__________four o’clock.

After the guests left, Mrs. Wilson felt tired 7.__________ happy. She was sitting down in a chair near the window when she saw the neighbor’s cat dead in her garden. She was sure the fish was bad. What 8.__________happen to her friends? She at once telephoned the family doctor for help. The doctor liked each guest 9.__________ meethim. Once again Mrs. Wilson was alone in her chair still tired but not longer happy. Just then the telephone rang. 10.__________ was her neighbor, “Oh, Mrs. Wilson,” he cried.” My cat is dead. She was killed by someone in a car and put in your garden….”

                                         (17 

   Nowadays, almost everyone 1.__________realizethat smoking is 2._________harmto people’s health. Sometimes it 3.__________ causes fire. In China, about 38% of the people smoke. Every year, they smoke millions of packets of 4.__________. It’s bad news for the health of nation.

 It’s known that smoking can cause different kinds of disease. Every year, many people die 5.__________ these illnesses, such as lung and throat cancers. It also costs the government much money to look 6.__________ these sick people. Smoking is also harmful to those 7._________ don’t smoke, 8.__________ especialto children and women. 

 In a word, smoking is no good. 9.__________ you want to smoke, just think of those who suffer from diseases 10.__________ the fires that destroy people’s lives and properties!

                                         18 

  Many people like to 1._________ the latest newspaper. But 2.__________ is it produced so quickly? 

The most important man may be 3.__________ chief editor. He decides 4.__________ to do. Every morning the 5.__________ journalare sent to report the events. Sometimes they need a face-to-face interview with people 6.__________ do telephone interviews. Meanwhile, the picture editor sends photographer to take the 7.__________ they need. 

Later in the day, they pass the stories and the 8.__________  developphotos to the editor.

The chief editor will choose the most important news for the front page. 9.__________ editors read the stories, make some necessary changes and write headlines for them. 10.__________ the newspaper is printed and delivered to different places. 

                                         19 

   With the 1.__________ developof industry, air pollution is getting more and more serious. In Beijing, many people suffer different kinds of illnesses because 2.__________ air pollution. 

 Air pollution is caused by the following 3.__________: about half of the problem is caused by vehicles. There are more and more cars, buses on the roads, and they give off 4.__________poisongases. 25% of air pollution is caused by factories. Another factor is the smokers. Smoking not only does harm to their health 5.__________ to others. 6.__________ these, about 10%of air pollution is caused by other reasons. 

We should take some measures to fight 7.__________ pollution. New fuel can be used to take 8.__________ place of gas. We can plant more trees. If everybody realizes the 9.__________importantof environment and does something to stop pollution, the problem will 10.__________ solve

                                         20 

    Recently, a website has carried 1.__________ a survey about the common view on graduates 2.__________ Beijing University. 

28% of the interviewed companies think that they 3.__________satisfywith the graduates from Beijing University. The graduates in their companies have a wide range of 4.__________ knowand they learn things very quickly and easily. 

5.__________, most of the companies don’t think much of graduates from Beijing University. In their eyes, the graduates always stick 6.__________ their own opinions and lack the teamwork spirit 7.__________ they are working. Besides, they may not be satisfied with their jobs even with big companies, and they usually ask too 8.__________. As a result, 34% of the companies insist that 9.__________ will not employ graduates from Beijing University. 

In brief, society and even the students themselves expect too much from graduates from Beijing University. That’s 10.__________ a graduate claims that he is rubbish.

 ___________________________________________

参考答案

11. reported  2. richest/wealthiest  3. by  4. when  5. by   6. However  7. younger  8. Both  9. acting  10. the

21. had been stolen  2. at  3. back  4. amazement  5. and  6. hospital  7.for  8. the  9. that  10. another

31. living  2. languages  3. or  4. all  5. Before  6. bigger  7. written  8. a  9. up  10. most

41. because  2. and  3. work  4. dangerous  5. too  6. Have  7. the  8. with  9. second  10. there

51. An  2. without  3. wife  4. when/while  5. too  6. was painting  7. after  8. Both  9. nothing  10. angrily

61. from  2. strangers  3. Instead  4. that/which  5. including   6. and  7. regularly  8. answers  9. others  10. training

71. problems 2. that/which  3. annoyed  4. and  5. It  6. how   7. a  8. happiness  9. grows  10. in

81. the  2. defeating  3. for  4. After  5. they  6. on  7. where  8. before  9. best  10 failed

91. important  2. that  3. of  4. yourself  5. Successful  6. like  7. where  8. setting  9. they  10. the

10what  2. /  3. will have been set up  4. tourists/visitors/travelers  5. permitting  6.other  7. in  8. All  9. so/thus/therefore  10. under  

11.1 who  2. but  3. proud  4. a  5 When/Whenever  6. she  7. through  8. contributions  9. taking  10. However

121. that  2. food  3. than  4. that  5. to get  6. off   7. closed  8. After   9. from  10. his/the

131 had been  2. problem  3. job  4. employment  5. of  6. without  7. Therefore/Thus  8. an  9.  Surprisingly  10. so 

141. if  2. zoo  3. where  4. itself  5. mixed  6. for  7. better  8. living  9. bright  10. when 

151 as  2. married  3. where  4. was surprised  5. for  6. when  7. independence  8. However  9. in  10. Unfortunately  

161. invited  2. herself  3. cool  4. surprised  5. before   6. till/until  7. but  8. would  9. to meet  10. It 

171 has realized  2. harmful  3. even  4. cigarettes  5. of/from  6. after   7. who  8. especially  9. If  10. and 

181. read  2. how  3. the  4. what  5. journalists  6. or   7. pictures/photos  8. developed  9. Other  10. Finally 

191 development  2. of  3. reasons  4. poisonous  5. butalso6. Besides  7. against 8. the  9. importance  10. be solved 

201. out  2. from  3. are satisfied  4.  knowledge  5. However  6. to  7. when/while  8. much  9 they  10. why

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